Malka Badner, a Polish Jew, arrived in Belgium before the First World War, in 1912. Jozef Markus Langenauer arrived later. They had three children.
This family of Polish Jews fled from Germany to Belgium in 1939. The father, aged 47 when he was deported, worked as a commercial traveller. The mother, Ester Neugebohr, a 38-year-old housewife, looked after her three younger children with the help of her oldest daughter, Hilda Charlotte, 21.
Joseph Hakker was a Dutch Jew who arrived in Belgium in 1907 when he was only 20.