So many people, so many stories

The Jewish community lived in fear during the war. Almost half the total number of Jews living in Belgium ended up in Dossin barracks. The rest went into hiding, were active in the resistance or fled. So many people, each with a story to tell. You can read their extraordinary stories here.

Deportatie
Family Dunkelblau-Schwarz

Family Dunkelblau-Schwarz

Mejlech Dunkelblau and Ryfka Schwarz were both born in Rzeszów, Poland. Anna Dunkelblau was born on November 15, 1906. Mejlech and Ryfka lived unofficially separated. Mejlech was deported on transport XXIV from the Dossin Barracks to Auschwitz-Birkenau and was murdered there. Ryfka and Anna were not deported and survived the war.

Family Lisak-Kaplan

Family Lisak-Kaplan

Moses Lisak and Esther Kaplan were born in Kalisz, Poland. They arrived in Belgium in January 1939 as a stopover to emigrate to Uruguay. On January 19, 1935, they had a daughter: Ruth. Moses and Lisak were deported on transport XXIII from the Dossin Barracks to Auschwitz-Birkenau. Ruth was not deported and survived the war.

Family Eijsman-Kaganowitsch

Family Eijsman-Kaganowitsch

Anna Kaganowitsch and Wolf Eijsman married in Maastricht on July 25, 1934. A year later, on May 6, 1935, they had their first and only child: Catherine. Anna and Catherine were deported from the Dossin Barracks to Auschwitz-Birkenau with transport XI and Wolf with transport XII. They did not survive the war.

In hiding
Family Margulies-Mahler

Family Margulies-Mahler

The Margulies-Mahler family obtained the naturalization in 1926 which granted them Belgian citizenship. Anne, Jacques, Helena-Ella, Liliane and Armand were deported with transport XXIIB to Auschwitz-Birkenau. They were murdered. Georges Mahler went into hiding in Aarschot with his wife Selma Lichtmann and children Charles and Nanette. They were never arrested and survived World War II.

Family Sztainke-Zandlowicz

Family Sztainke-Zandlowicz

Thanks to the kind women Balthus and Allard, the children are able to go into hiding in the Fraiture castle and survive the war.

The family Berenblum

The family Berenblum

On 24 February 1939, the refugee story of the Berenblum family begins, with parents Abraham Berenblum and Maria Freimowski and daughters Sonja and Rosa.

Jewish resistence
Lotte Sontag

Lotte Sontag

Lotte joined the communist resistance to destabilise the Wehrmacht.

Hertha Ligeti

Hertha Ligeti

Hertha Ligeti joined the communist resistance to destabilise the Wehrmacht.

Marianne Bradt

Marianne Bradt

Marianne was with two other friends active in a communist resistance group and tried to destabilise the Wehrmacht.

Omgekomen gedeporteerden
Family Dunkelblau-Schwarz

Family Dunkelblau-Schwarz

Mejlech Dunkelblau and Ryfka Schwarz were both born in Rzeszów, Poland. Anna Dunkelblau was born on November 15, 1906. Mejlech and Ryfka lived unofficially separated. Mejlech was deported on transport XXIV from the Dossin Barracks to Auschwitz-Birkenau and was murdered there. Ryfka and Anna were not deported and survived the war.

Family Lisak-Kaplan

Family Lisak-Kaplan

Moses Lisak and Esther Kaplan were born in Kalisz, Poland. They arrived in Belgium in January 1939 as a stopover to emigrate to Uruguay. On January 19, 1935, they had a daughter: Ruth. Moses and Lisak were deported on transport XXIII from the Dossin Barracks to Auschwitz-Birkenau. Ruth was not deported and survived the war.

Family Eijsman-Kaganowitsch

Family Eijsman-Kaganowitsch

Anna Kaganowitsch and Wolf Eijsman married in Maastricht on July 25, 1934. A year later, on May 6, 1935, they had their first and only child: Catherine. Anna and Catherine were deported from the Dossin Barracks to Auschwitz-Birkenau with transport XI and Wolf with transport XII. They did not survive the war.

Overlevenden
Family Dunkelblau-Schwarz

Family Dunkelblau-Schwarz

Mejlech Dunkelblau and Ryfka Schwarz were both born in Rzeszów, Poland. Anna Dunkelblau was born on November 15, 1906. Mejlech and Ryfka lived unofficially separated. Mejlech was deported on transport XXIV from the Dossin Barracks to Auschwitz-Birkenau and was murdered there. Ryfka and Anna were not deported and survived the war.

Louis Alexander and Elisabeth Nykerk

Louis Alexander and Elisabeth Nykerk

Louis Alexander fled Germany in 1934. He married Elisabeth Nykerk in Schaerbeek on August 6, 1938. Louis was arrested in 1940 and deported to Perpignan in France. After his release, he was arrested again and deported with transport XXIV. Louis died in 1945 in Theresienstadt. Elisabeth presumably stayed in the Netherlands and survived.

Family Wahl-Keller

Family Wahl-Keller

The whole Wahl-Keller family, except from father Seinwel Hersz Wahl and daughter Lea, was deported from the Dossin Barracks in Mechelen to Auschwitz-Birkenau. No one survived the deportation. Seinwel survived the war but died already in 1946.

Refugees
Louis Alexander and Elisabeth Nykerk

Louis Alexander and Elisabeth Nykerk

Louis Alexander fled Germany in 1934. He married Elisabeth Nykerk in Schaerbeek on August 6, 1938. Louis was arrested in 1940 and deported to Perpignan in France. After his release, he was arrested again and deported with transport XXIV. Louis died in 1945 in Theresienstadt. Elisabeth presumably stayed in the Netherlands and survived.

Karl Guenther

Karl Guenther

Karl Guenther fled Germany in fear of the persecution of Jews by the Gestapo. He received assistance from the Assistance Council for Jewish Refugees. Karl accepted the Arbeitseinsatzbefehl in August 1942 and was deported on transport III from the Dossin Barracks to Auschwitz-Birkenau. He did not survive the war.

Gustav Abineri

Gustav Abineri

Gustav Abineri fled Germany and arrived in Belgium on August 26, 1938. He said he would stay in Belgium pending emigration abroad. Gustav was required to leave Belgium in 1940 but this could not take place due to health problems. He was deported with transport VIII to Auschwitz-Birkenau and did not survive the war.